Study: State & Local Governments Have Given Amazon Warehouses $241 Million since 2015

December 13, 2016

Contact: Greg LeRoy [email protected] or 202-232-1616 x 211

Or Thomas Cafcas [email protected] or 847-477-3879

Despite Company’s Known Rapid-Delivery Business Plan

Study: State & Local Governments Have Given Amazon Warehouses $241 Million since 2015

Washington D.C., December 13, 2016 – States and localities have given retail juggernaut Amazon almost a quarter-billion dollars in economic development subsidies in the past two years for warehouses the company must build to fulfill the rapid-delivery service tied to its Amazon Prime business model. The extent of the subsidies is actually likely greater, but poor disclosure practices in some states make it difficult to determine the full amount.

Some public officials have come to understand that business basics, not incentives, determine Amazon’s site location choices, and have started trying to say no. But others continue to award the company subsidy packages reaching even eight figures. The public interest would be best served if public officials said “no more deals, period” to Amazon.

Those are the key findings and recommendation of Will Amazon Fool Us Twice? Why State and Local Governments Should Stop Subsidizing the Online Giant’s Growing Distribution Network , a study released today by Good Jobs First and available online at .

“First, Amazon avoided collecting sales taxes to aggressively gain market share. Then in some states it started parlaying nexus settlements, agreeing to collect sales taxes where it had a physical presence, into economic development subsidy packages worth more than $600 million. Now, incredibly, it is back for a third round of tax breaks for the facilities it must build for its same-day delivery service,” said study co-author Greg LeRoy, GJF’s executive director. “Some public officials have figured Amazon out. Now it’s time for all of them to say no more deals.”

With a distribution network that has grown to locations in about half the states, and a business model that requires it to deliver some goods the same day they are ordered, Amazon is on a rapid build-out trajectory. Despite its well-known imperative to build out, some state and local gove rnments have continued to give Amazon seven- and eight-figure subsidy packages:

Subsidies Awarded To Amazon Facilities Opening Since January 1, 2015


Amount of Subsidies



Windsor, Connecticut


Davenport, Florida


Jacksonville, Florida


Lakeland, Florida


Miami, Florida


Braselton, Georgia


Joliet, Illinois

At least $29,750,000

Edgerton, Kansas

At least $1,800,000

Fall River/Freetown, Massachusetts


Stoughton, Massachusetts


Baltimore, Maryland


Shakopee, Minnesota


North Las Vegas, Nevada


Reno, Nevada


Etna, Ohio; Obetz, Ohio


Twinsburg, Ohio

At least $270,000



Dallas, Texas


Houston, Texas


San Marcos, Texas


Kenosha, Wisconsin



At least $241,363,222

“Retail is what happens when consumers have good paychecks,” said study co-author Thomas Cafcas. “Amazon, like other retailers, best serves people with the most disposable income. State and local governments should not pay Amazon to do what it must do to fulfill its Prime business plan.”

The study was funded by the Surdna Foundation. The findings and recommendations are solely those of Good Jobs First. Good Jobs First is a non-profit, non-partisan resource center promoting accountability in economic development. Founded in 1998, it is based in Washington DC.